Paternity DNA Test
DNA paternity testing determines the biological father-child relationship between a man and a child. Every individual’s DNA or genetic fingerprint is unique except for identical twins. Our DNA does not change once it is formed at conception. We all inherit the genetic materials (DNA) that make who we are physically and biologically from our parents. The DNA paternity test compares the DNA fingerprints between the tested man and child to determine if the child inherits half of his/her DNA from the alleged father.
DNA testing is currently the most advanced and accurate technology to determine parentage. A standard DNA paternity test generates conclusive results to prove the father-child relationship. In our laboratory, the probability of paternity is 0% when the alleged father is not biologically related to the child. We routinely achieve a probability of paternity greater than 99.9% when the alleged father is biologically related to the child.
To determine paternity, the alleged father, the child, and (if desired) the mother participate in the DNA test. Mother’s participation is optional although her participation helps to exclude half of the child’s DNA fingerprint inherited from her, making the data analysis easier. However, a DNA paternity test without the mother’s participation is equally accurate and conclusive.
The DNA paternity test that follows our strict chain-of-custody procedures generates legally admissible results. If you want to use your testing results as a piece of legal evidence for child support, inheritance, social welfare benefits, immigration, or adoption purposes, you need to follow the chain-of-custody testing procedures to establish the legal status of your report. To satisfy the chain-of-custody legal requirements, all tested parties’ specimens have to be collected by a third party who is not related to any of the tested parties and has no interest in the outcome of the test.
Universal Genetics has a nationwide and worldwide network of specimen collection sites, which are staffed by trained professionals to collect samples for our clients in all 50 states and around the world. The transportation and processing of our clients’ specimens in the entire process all follow the strict chain-of-custody requirements to guarantee that our clients will receive legally admissible results. Our meticulous efforts also extend to the report of our results - we are the only laboratory that provides each client with an explanation of what the results mean and copies of all chain-of-custody documents.
Some of our clients may choose to find out paternity before the child is born. We offer DNA testing called a prenatal paternity test before the child’s birth. Typically, in a prenatal paternity DNA test, the baby’s DNA is collected by an OB-GYN using CVS or Amniocentesis procedures. We encourage our clients to consult with their OB-GYN on the risks this procedure may involve before they decide to take the DNA test.
Some clients may never need to use the testing results for legal purposes and may not want to involve a third party in the specimen collection process. These clients can choose a curiosity DNA paternity test, which allows them to collect their own specimens with complete privacy. Since there is neither chain of custody for the specimen collection, shipping and handling before the specimens arrive in our laboratory, nor proper identification of the tested parties, this type of test will not have any of the tested parties’ names on the report and will not be legally admissible. This test only aims at offering peace of mind privately. An important thing to keep in mind is that AABB (formerly American Association of Blood Banks), the regulating body for the DNA paternity testing industry, does not endorse curiosity or in-home DNA testing, making the quality and accuracy of the test a concern to anyone who may depend on the results for a life-changing decision.
The cost of taking a standard paternity DNA test with Universal Genetics for legal purposes such as child support or immigration starts from $395. To learn about the testing fees for your specific case, please call 1-800-914-1002.
It takes only 3-5 working days for our laboratory to complete a standard paternity test. We understand that time is essential for our clients who may face a deadline in submitting the results for various purposes. Expedited services (24 hours) are available in some circumstances. Please call 1-800-914-1002 to discuss your specific case and get an idea of the timeframe for your DNA testing results.
For additional information about our DNA paternity testing services or to receive a free consultation with one of our DNA testing experts, please call
Immigration DNA Test
Prenatal Paternity Test
Forensic DNA Services
Maternity DNA Test
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